What is a ANSI 107-2010 Class III Safety Apparel?

What is a ANSI 107-2010 Class III Safety Apparel?

9732- High Vis JacketThere are several safety regulatory organizations whose purpose is to provide guidelines designed to provide individuals, usually employees or workers, with protection from identified potential hazards associated with the work they perform.

The American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel and Headwear (ANSI 107-2010) provides guidelines for the selection and use of high-visibility safety apparel ultimately directed toward keeping personnel/workers safe while on the job where worker visibility is reduced and the risk for collision between worker and vehicle or equipment is high. This is accomplished by making the worker more visible through outerwear designed to include fluorescent and reflective materials strategically placed on the apparel that cause the worker to significantly “standout” in a variety of environmental or trafficked conditions.

Specific to ANSI 107-2010 guidelines:

  • What are the applicable apparel items: Jackets – including rainwear, trousers, vests, shirts, coveralls, gloves, and headwear.
  • What are the typical settings where ANSI 107-2010 apparel is required: Workers in construction, maintenance, warehouse, emergency and incident responders – police, firefighters, EMS, utility services, airport ground crew, volunteers working public access roadways, etc.
  • In addition to the high-visibility reflective material requirements, what are other unique characteristics of ANSI 107-2010 apparel: The outerwear items must be engineered to be able to be worn comfortably for long periods of time (a full workday), uniquely designed or customized for different types of wearer activities, and also the varying degree of risk associated with the unique work environment and job performance requirements.

Have there been any revisions to ANSI 107-2010?

The ANSI/ISEA 107 – 2015 revision designates for a specific “type” of high visibility safety apparel based on the unique work environment of the wearer.

  • Type “O” (Off-road): Apparel designated for workers in an environment that involves moving vehicles or equipment, but that are not required by *MUTCD to wear high visibility safety apparel. This includes settings where there may be collision or struck-by hazards from moving vehicles, equipment or machinery not operating on public access rights of way or temporary control zones.

*Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) of the Federal Highway Administration.

  • Type “R” (Roadway): Apparel designated for workers in an environment with moving equipment or vehicles and are directly exposed to roadway traffic. These apparel items have additional amounts and location placement of high-visibility materials that allow for better outlining of the human form.
  • Type “P” (Public Safety – Police, Fire, EMS): Apparel designated to provide for additional options for emergency personnel such as police, firefighters, and Emergency Medical Services personnel. This requirement enhances the rapid differentiation between these different emergency and incident responders, as well as offers unique features that allow the individuals to carry and have convenient access to different equipment.

Because these different “types” of apparel allow for diversity based on a specific work environment and the associated risks, there are different classes based on the amount of background and reflective material to be used and specific placement requirements of reflective material, In addition, there may be unique technical or functional requirements for the specific job that affects the apparel design.

These types of apparel design requirements are thus designated into classes 1, 2, or 3.

  • Class 1: Intended for use by workers in jobs with the lowest risk. Specifics include jobs where traffic is slow, less than 25 mph, and work is taking place at a relatively safe distance from the traffic. These vests must have a minimum of 155 square inches of reflective tape and the strip must go around the middle of the vest as well as over the shoulder. Sleeves are not required with this class of vest. These apparel items usually come in yellow, orange, and lime colors.
  • Class 2: Intended for use by workers in work environments that pose a greater risk than that of the Class 1. For example, these requirements include traffic moving less than 50 mph but greater than 25 mph. These vests must be larger in size as they require that more high visibility and reflective areas be visible. They must provide at least 775 inches of safety yellow or orange background material and 201 square inches of reflective stripping. These apparel items usually come in yellow, orange, and lime colors.
  • Class 3: Intended for workers in the most dangerous or highest risk environments. These vests require more surface area of high-visibility material and are typically worn by workers where nearby traffic is traveling in excess of 50 mph. It also is for use by emergency personnel or tow truck operators working in hazardous conditions such as during a hurricane or blizzard or other conditions where visibility is at a minimum.

One of the best selling ANSI 107-2010 Class III high-visibility jackets is made by Charles River Apparel and sold by Sweatshirt Station. You can purchase this jacket by clicking the link HERE.

New ANSI 105-2016 Cut Level Standards

ANSI 105-2016 Cut Level Standards

Workplace Safety – All Hands on Deck

When considering workplace safety in construction, manufacturing, logistics, and other industries where manual labor is performed, among the most common matters that need to be addressed by employers and workers is protecting workers’ hands from injury. Statistics about non-fatal injuries documented for labor employees show that more than 20% of injuries that cause lost time involve hand injuries, which makes sense considering that humans naturally tend to use their hands to accomplish the significant majority of work that is done. That’s just how we’re configured.

So how do we make sure our hands, the precious tools we use to do so many amazing things, are protected from accidents and injuries? ANSI cut level standards play an important role in facilitating interactions between workers, employers, and the government that improve safety

ANSI’s Role As A Standard Setter

ANSI, the American National Standards Institute, is the non-profit standards organization most recognized for its role in setting US standards for products, processes, and other elements of American society. ANSI membership represents 125,000 companies and over 3.5 million professionals, the collective knowledge of which group contributes to a standard of living that the rest of the United States and the rest of the world enjoy.

ANSI regularly rolls out new standards for workplace safety. Their standards reflect the feedback ANSI experts have for the respective industries they serve based upon constantly evolving scenarios. Each new published standard represents the most recent expert opinion about how things should be done.

Old ANSI Recommendation for Hand Safety and Cut Standards

Regarding protecting hands from work injuries, ANSI’s latest 2016 publications include the 2016 ANSI Cut Level Standard, which informs the public about rating the capability of gloves to prevent potential accidents and injuries that tend to occur in various work environments. These ratings allow employers and their workers to make intelligent choices and purchase gloves that protect their hands sufficiently based upon identified risk exposure for their respective work tasks.

Previous to the release of the 2016 ANSI Cut Level Standard, the ANSI standard for material used for making gloves used a 0 to 5 scale, with a rating of 4 spanning the widest variation, going from 1500 to 3499 grams of weight needed to cut the material with a 1-inch blade travel. Testing for cut resistance is done using a test method referred to as ASTM F 1790, in which the material’s cut resistance to various loads (described in grams of force) is determined. Until 2015, that scale broke down as follows:

Level 0 – less than 200 grams

Level 1: 200 – 499 grams

Level 2: 500 – 999 grams

Level 3: 1000 – 1499 grams

Level 4: 1500 – 3499 grams

Level 5: 3500+ grams

As you can see, intervals 4 and 5 cover a much wider range than the other rating levels. As material science has developed, and more precision has been inserted in the construction of glove material, those intervals have been expanded to match glove material with usefulness for specific tasks by creating a new, more robust set of criteria.

The New ANSI 105-2016 Cut Level Standard

The most recent ANSI standard, ANSI 105-2016 updated the ISEA-2011 standard as shown in the charts below. Major differences in the 2016 standard include:

  • The testing mechanism used to determine cut resistance according to the new standard is the ASTM F2992-15 (TDM) standardized test, which uses a Tomodynamometer to perform repeatable cut resistance testing.
  • The updated ANSI/ISEA classifications include an ‘A’ next to the level number to more clearly identify the new standard.
  • Levels 4 and 5 have been redefined to cover 6 different resistant levels, as identified in the chart below.

Cut Levels and Common Work Glove Uses

The ultimate value provided by the ANSI 105 standard is the ability for employers and workers to confidently select gloves that match the work they will be performing. For extreme cut hazards, such as heavy metal stamping, plate glass handling, and some pulp and paper applications, workers should wear gloves that are rated higher on the ANSI cut level standard chart, somewhere between 5-9. For less hazardous activities, such as light metal stamping and light-duty glass handling environments, workers can get away with ANSI cut level 3 gloves, which are normally less expensive than the more technical gloves that meet the higher, cut level standards. For work applications such as automotive maintenance and, paper assembly, and material handling, ANSI cut level 1 gloves, which tend to be even less expensive than gloves rated at higher ANSI cut levels.

Using the ANSI 105-2016 Cut Level Standards, employers can outfit their personnel with gloves that most economically provide adequate protection for their hands. This standard contributes to safety in the workplace and addresses protecting workers’ hands, one of the most vulnerable aspects of jobs that involve manual labor.