What is a ANSI 107-2010 Class III Safety Apparel?

What is a ANSI 107-2010 Class III Safety Apparel?

9732- High Vis JacketThere are several safety regulatory organizations whose purpose is to provide guidelines designed to provide individuals, usually employees or workers, with protection from identified potential hazards associated with the work they perform.

The American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel and Headwear (ANSI 107-2010) provides guidelines for the selection and use of high-visibility safety apparel ultimately directed toward keeping personnel/workers safe while on the job where worker visibility is reduced and the risk for collision between worker and vehicle or equipment is high. This is accomplished by making the worker more visible through outerwear designed to include fluorescent and reflective materials strategically placed on the apparel that cause the worker to significantly “standout” in a variety of environmental or trafficked conditions.

Specific to ANSI 107-2010 guidelines:

  • What are the applicable apparel items: Jackets – including rainwear, trousers, vests, shirts, coveralls, gloves, and headwear.
  • What are the typical settings where ANSI 107-2010 apparel is required: Workers in construction, maintenance, warehouse, emergency and incident responders – police, firefighters, EMS, utility services, airport ground crew, volunteers working public access roadways, etc.
  • In addition to the high-visibility reflective material requirements, what are other unique characteristics of ANSI 107-2010 apparel: The outerwear items must be engineered to be able to be worn comfortably for long periods of time (a full workday), uniquely designed or customized for different types of wearer activities, and also the varying degree of risk associated with the unique work environment and job performance requirements.

Have there been any revisions to ANSI 107-2010?

The ANSI/ISEA 107 – 2015 revision designates for a specific “type” of high visibility safety apparel based on the unique work environment of the wearer.

  • Type “O” (Off-road): Apparel designated for workers in an environment that involves moving vehicles or equipment, but that are not required by *MUTCD to wear high visibility safety apparel. This includes settings where there may be collision or struck-by hazards from moving vehicles, equipment or machinery not operating on public access rights of way or temporary control zones.

*Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) of the Federal Highway Administration.

  • Type “R” (Roadway): Apparel designated for workers in an environment with moving equipment or vehicles and are directly exposed to roadway traffic. These apparel items have additional amounts and location placement of high-visibility materials that allow for better outlining of the human form.
  • Type “P” (Public Safety – Police, Fire, EMS): Apparel designated to provide for additional options for emergency personnel such as police, firefighters, and Emergency Medical Services personnel. This requirement enhances the rapid differentiation between these different emergency and incident responders, as well as offers unique features that allow the individuals to carry and have convenient access to different equipment.

Because these different “types” of apparel allow for diversity based on a specific work environment and the associated risks, there are different classes based on the amount of background and reflective material to be used and specific placement requirements of reflective material, In addition, there may be unique technical or functional requirements for the specific job that affects the apparel design.

These types of apparel design requirements are thus designated into classes 1, 2, or 3.

  • Class 1: Intended for use by workers in jobs with the lowest risk. Specifics include jobs where traffic is slow, less than 25 mph, and work is taking place at a relatively safe distance from the traffic. These vests must have a minimum of 155 square inches of reflective tape and the strip must go around the middle of the vest as well as over the shoulder. Sleeves are not required with this class of vest. These apparel items usually come in yellow, orange, and lime colors.
  • Class 2: Intended for use by workers in work environments that pose a greater risk than that of the Class 1. For example, these requirements include traffic moving less than 50 mph but greater than 25 mph. These vests must be larger in size as they require that more high visibility and reflective areas be visible. They must provide at least 775 inches of safety yellow or orange background material and 201 square inches of reflective stripping. These apparel items usually come in yellow, orange, and lime colors.
  • Class 3: Intended for workers in the most dangerous or highest risk environments. These vests require more surface area of high-visibility material and are typically worn by workers where nearby traffic is traveling in excess of 50 mph. It also is for use by emergency personnel or tow truck operators working in hazardous conditions such as during a hurricane or blizzard or other conditions where visibility is at a minimum.

One of the best selling ANSI 107-2010 Class III high-visibility jackets is made by Charles River Apparel and sold by Sweatshirt Station. You can purchase this jacket by clicking the link HERE.

What Are Dome Mirrors Used For?

What Are Dome Mirrors Used For?

As the name implies a dome mirror is convex in its structure, meaning that it is not flat but rounded outward, and as a mirror reflects images. If it was concave-shaped it would be rounded inward.

So, what viewing benefit does the convex shape provide and what are dome-shaped mirrors used for? Dome mirrors provide added safety, security, and surveillance capabilities by enabling the viewing of areas otherwise not visible with flat surface mirrors. This enhanced viewing is used in the prevention of accidents, theft, surprise attacks, or simply monitoring areas for other purposes.

Because dome mirrors allow viewing of blind spots, around corners, hallway intersections, entrance and exit paths, and even over certain barriers, they are essential elements of safety for individuals, vehicles, and equipment operations. In essence, dome mirrors allow the viewer to see areas normally hidden as well as a larger viewing area by simply looking at the mirror. They are often used in all types of commercial buildings, construction sites, warehouses, hospitals, parking garages, or any facility where being able to see what is coming and what is happening in areas typically hidden from normal view.

What are the different types of dome mirrors and what are their unique uses?

Dome mirrors typically come in three different types, each with different viewing capabilities, and therefore its use is specific to the unique viewing characteristic that is required for the setting used. Knowing this allows you to choose the best type of dome mirror for your needs. The three main types of dome mirrors are:

  1. Quarter Dome or 90 Degree View Mirror: This type of dome mirror is typically positioned in the corner of a room or the corner of an “L” shaped hallway. This mirror allows you to see what is happening on the other side of a room or area, what traffic may be coming around the corner (blind corner), and what may be approaching you from behind. They also provide a larger wide view than other types of dome mirrors.

2. Half Dome or 180 Degree View Mirror: This type of dome mirror is placed at the end of a hallway or pathway that has a “T’” intersection (3-way intersection) with another hallway or pathway or is placed in the center of a room. Its configuration gives you a good view of what is coming down the hallways to the right and left, or both sides of a room, and also a view of what is happing directly behind you. It can even allow for viewing on the opposite side of a short barrier. This type of mirror is usually installed high up on the wall or from the ceiling of the room or hallway

3. Full Dome or 360 Degree View Mirror: This type of mirror is placed centrally in a room or area, or in corridors that intersect forming a “+” or 4-way intersection. As the name implies, the full-dome mirror allows you a panoramic view of concurrently and is a good choice for surveillance and security of open facilities.

What are other considerations when selecting a dome mirror?

Dome mirrors are typically used in an indoor setting. They are also most effective for use in viewing areas where the objects need to be clearly viewed and are no more than about 20-25 feet away. The curvature of the dome safety mirror lens impacts its height/depth ratio. Therefore, the size and positioning of the mirror will determine its effectiveness. The larger the mirror, the larger the objects will appear and the greater the detail that will be provided, and vice versa. Consequently, if a dome mirror is too small or is positioned too far away so that the ability to clearly observe what is going on, the mirror will not be effective for its intended use. The following factors should be taken into consideration when determining which type of dome mirror is needed for your particular circumstances.

  • The distance in feet the person using the mirror will be located from the mirror.
  • The distance in feet from the mirror the objects or areas you want to view is located.
  • What degree of acuity or detail will you need in viewing the area or objects? For example, will you need to be able to distinguish a particular person from another person? Will you need to be able to identify changes in for example numbers or other images, etc.

In addition, there are options available for the construction of the lens of the safety dome mirror and the mirror backing. Each of these come with some advantages or disadvantages, or simply indicate which setting it would be best suited for use.

Mirror Lens Options

  1. Stainless Steel: strong material and provides the greatest resistance to corrosion.
  2. Acrylic: resistant to shatter and is lightweight while providing strength. You can also get a “scratch-resistant” coating.
  3. Glass: offers the best reflectivity for enhanced detail of images.
  4. Polycarbonate: offers strong durability and is shatter resistant.


Mirror Backing Options

  1. Galvanized Steel: strong and weather resistant and applicable for indoor or outdoor application.
  2. Plastic: lightweight and applicable for indoor or outdoor application.
  3. Zinc: weather-resistant and mostly chemical resistant and applicable for indoor or outdoor application.
  4. Hardboard: durable and applicable for indoor use or outdoor when covered.



What are the Different Types of Platform Trucks and What Determines the Type Needed?

What are the Types of Platform Trucks and What Determines their Needs

industrial-platform-truck-flatbed-cart-akro-mils-versa-deckThere is such a wide variety of needs among different businesses when it comes to moving product from place to place with the use of a platform truck. Yet, there are many more commonalities in the transport of product and materials than there are differences.

So, what are the types, dimensions, and capabilities of platform trucks and what influences the various needs of different businesses? The two most important factors in determining what type, dimensions, and capabilities of platform trucks a company needs are the size, weight, and dimensions of the product that needs to be efficiently and safely transported and the logistical environment of the facility in which the product and materials will be moved. Specifically, the design of the space – the width of the transport pathways, the dimensions of entrance and exit points, the product dimensions, and the size of the product storage place.

Fortunately, platform trucks come in a wide variety of sizes and dimensions, product stacking features, load capacities, and maneuverability characteristics that virtually any business facility or transport need characteristic can be met with the variety of platform trucks that are available today. Most platform trucks are designed with a mechanical advantage allowing the movement of a large number of materials with a relatively small amount of force, and ergonomically designed to be comfortable to move and with low risk of injury, especially to the low back region of the body.

Most transport trucks are designed so that the decks are rectangular in shape, and scale in increments of 6 inches, for both width and length. However, some are more square or wagon shaped.

What are some of the other features or types of transport trucks and their unique product transport capabilities and configurations?

  1. Traditional platform truck: The traditional platform truck is designed rectangular in shape, the platform deck is flat and without sides, there are four (4) polyurethane caster wheels or mold on rubber casters designed to roll easily under heavy loads, and a handle on one end. Other additional features that may now be included on platform truck decks are:
      • A removable handle that can be easily removed for placement on either end of the truck.
      • The platform deck may be made of metal, steel, aluminum, wood, and plastic. It may solid or grill in its design.
      • Some handles can be adjusted for height and slant and may even pivot for better maneuverability.
      • Expandable or telescoping platform decks with another set of wheels that engage if expanded.
  1. Platform truck with sides: Platform trucks with sides could be labeled a cart. However, removable or adjustable side panels have often been included as an optional design feature.
      • Sometimes these side panels, as well as front and back panels, are only 2 inches in height and range up to 3 feet in height. Odd shaped or oval materials can be moved effectively contained during movement with sides.
  1. Platform truck with a top tier: This configuration makes it easier to portion out different size packages with the smaller ones usually placed on the higher tier and the larger ones placed on the platform deck.
      • Sometimes the platform is placed at a height that makes it possible for the truck to serve not only as a transport vehicle but also for a workstation.
  1. Platform truck with panel separating bars: When long flat sheets of wood, glass, metal, or any similar size and shaped material is being moved, separating bars, usually pipe-shaped, run end to end along the length of the truck and serve to support and separate the various components in a more manageable way for transport.
      • Sometimes the separating bars are the same height and sometimes they come in different heights to aid in carrying sheets or panels of varying sizes and shapes.
  1. Combination platform models: Often separated down the middle with each side configured in a different way to carry different items, these platform trucks enable a person to carry a variety of materials as well as tools, all necessary components for completion of a specific task.
      • An example would be carrying sheets of paneling or glass and the tools to install the panels.
  1. Off-road version. Knowing that not all facilities transport product on a flat surface or even indoors, a relatively new form of platform truck that includes large traction grip tires and a self-propelled battery operated, rear single wheel drive mechanism for power drive and enhanced maneuverability over rough terrain.
      • The specifications of these off-road types of platform truck come with specifications for both smooth and rough terrain, with capacity reduced for the rough or inclined terrain.
  1. Folding platform model: To make the storage of platform trucks more compact and to occupy less space, some come with the ability to fold down the handle(s).
  2. Wagon cart model: Engineered to look and function more like a wagon, these models may include:
      • Large inflated or solid rubber wheels
      • Sides of varying heights
      • A single bar handle located in the middle of the cart, similar to a wagon


Click HERE to see our line of Platform Trucks and Carts for sale

Buckeye Model K-150-SP 125 LB. Purple K Model Number 30310

Buckeye Model K-150-SP 125 LB. Purple K Model Number 30310

Buckeye Model K-150-SP 125 LB. Purple K Model Number 30310The Buckeye Model K-150-SP is a Dry Chemical wheeled fire extinguishers made by Buckeye.  Online Safety Depot carries several models of wheeled Purple K fire extinguishers with the Buckeye Model K-150-SP being the most popular. Designed with a 50-foot hose, and well-balanced design allows for a single person to transport the unit through doorways, around corners and into hard to reach places to extinguish any Class B and Class C fires.

The Buckeye Model K-150-SP can be fitted with a tow loop on the top of the unit making it easy to transport by any vehicle that has a hitch installed. Additionally, the Buckeye K-150-SP is rechargeable and can be modified to a stationary unit.

Wheeled fire extinguishers, such as the Buckeye Model K-150-SP, can be found in warehouses, commercial buildings, chemical plants, construction sites, storage units, refineries, shipboard use, research buildings, military bases, loading docks, and any other building, businesses or area where a more significant Class B and C fires may occur.

Buckeye Model K-150-SP Features:

Agent Capacity
The Buckeye K-150-SP has an agent capacity of 125lb. The extinguisher uses a potassium bicarbonate-based agent which is designed for Class B, and Class C fires.

 UL Rating:
The Buckeye Model K-150-SP has a UL Rating of 320-B:C. The breakdown of the UL rating for the Model K-150-SP would look like this:

A = The Buckeye Model K-150-SP is not suitable for Class A Fires.

B = The number 320 that precedes the letters B:C is the number of square feet that the extinguisher can cover or is able to extinguish. Therefore, a 320B equates to being able to extinguish 320 square feet of a Class B fire.

C = The C in the equation means the agent is non-conductive and could also be used on a Class C fire.

Note: While the Buckeye Model K-150-SP can be used on Class C fires, It is not designed to be used for fires that involve sensitive electrical equipment. The agent, potassium bicarbonate-based agent may damage the electrical equipment.

If you want to understand the UL Rating better, consider reading our other article titled, “Fire Extinguisher UL Rating: What it Means?

The Buckeye Model K-150-SP is a Dry Chemical, Purple K fire extinguisher.

Discharge Time and Range
The Buckeye Model K-150-SP has a discharge time of 54 seconds of continual spray and a range of 30-40 feet. However, environmental conditions such as the wind, temperature, or humidity may affect the effective discharge range.

Unit Weight
The Buckeye Model K-150-SP weighs a total of 300 lbs (136 kg).

The Buckeye Model K-150-SP is 51 inches (128 cm) in height, 26 inches (66 cm) in width and 42 inches (105 cm) in depth.

The Buckeye Model K-150-SP comes fitted with a 50-foot hose and is .75 inches in diameter.

Wheel Type and Size
The Buckeye Model K-150-SP comes with Semi-pneumatic rubber wheels that are 16 inches (40.6 cm) by 4 inches (10.2 cm).

 Additional Features:
– Made in the USA
– Stored pressure unit
– USCG Approved
– DOT/TC compliant
– Tow loop option available
– All metal valve and discharge nozzles
– Epoxy powder coating
– Meets the ANSI/UL 299 and ANSI/UL 711 standards

Related Questions

Is there a smaller Purple K Wheeled Fire Extinguisher available?
Yes. Buckeye fire equipment makes 50 lbs wheeled Carbon Dioxide fire extinguisher that is smaller than the Buckeye Model K-150-SP.
K-50-SP Purple K (Buckeye)

OS K-50-SP Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)

Can the Buckeye Model K-150-SP be used on oil rigs or boat docks?
While the Buckeye Model K-150-SP built to withstand harsh environmental conditions, fire extinguishers that are used offshore on oil rigs or along the coastline where the extreme weather environment may cause rust or damage to the fire extinguisher, it is recommended that an offshore fire extinguisher is used.

The following purple K wheeled fire extinguishers are designed specifically for offshore use.
OS K-50-SP Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-150-SP Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-150-PT Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-150-RG Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-150-RG Purple K “31570” (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-150-RG Purple K “31580” (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-350-PT “32380” Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-350-PT “32390” Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-350-RG “32360” Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)
OS K-350-RG “32370” Purple K (Buckeye Offshore)


Offshore fire extinguishers are coated with several extra layers of galvanized compound to prevent rust and corrosion that may occur.

To better understand the difference between the standard wheeled fire extinguishers and the offshore wheeled fire extinguishers, consider reading our other article titled, “Offshore Fires: Fire Extinguisher Placement & Protection from the Environment.”

Can the Buckeye K-150-SP be used on sensitive electrical equipment?
NO! Only fire extinguishers that use residue-free extinguishing agents, (clean agents) are suitable for sensitive electrical equipment. The two clean agent fire extinguisher types are Carbon Dioxide, and Halotron I. Purple K fire extinguishers (potassium bicarbonate-based agent) may further damage the electrical components.

Read our other article titled, “What Type of Fire Extinguisher is Best for Sensitive Electrical Equipment?” or “Purple K Class Fire Extinguishers | Use, Classification and Model Designs. ”